Haemoglobin: protein in red blood cells that combines with oxygen to carry it around the body.
Hypercholesterolaemia: abnormally high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
Hyperglycaemia: excess level of plasma glucose level.
Hyperkalaemia: high level of potassium in the blood.
Hyperlipideaemia: higher level of plasma lipids. It could be associated with a higher risk of Atherosclerosis.
Hypertension: also known as high blood pressure.
Hypertensive: person who suffers from high blood pressure.
Hyperuricemia: elevated level of uric acid in the blood.
Normotensive: blood pressure level is normal.
Oedema: a build-up of fluids in the body tissues. This can affect a part of or the entire body.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH): is made by the parathyroid gland and helps to regulate the levels of calcium produced by the body.
Proteinuria: means that there are excess amounts of protein in the urine.
Synthesis of fatty acids endogenously (known as de novo lipogenesis, or DNL,) is a metabolic pathway for changing dietary carbohydrate (CHO) into fat.